History has shown that only a handful of women ruled countries or large organisations. Museums, for example, currently work on re-addressing women-representation in both their programmes and teams.
These questions of gender and power are central to a new book published by Flammarion and authored by Dominique Gaulme, a former journalist, who previously edited and conceived Power and Style: A World History of Politics and Dress (Flammarion, 2013).
Focusing on rulers across centuries, The Trouble with Women in Power examines more than eighty women – from Joan of Arc to Cleopatra – who retained powerful positions and imposed their influence on the world. Whether in dictatorial regimes, in military operations or in art, these eminent women have marked history and often used representation (fashion attributes, symbols, or architecture) as tools to establish their authority. Their characters, forces and personalities, often thrilling tales of courage in the face of injustice, offer fascinating insights into what determination and destiny mean.